Whatever the cause, these lost cities were forgotten in time until they were rediscovered centuries later. Great Zimbabwe The Great Zimbabwe, is a complex of stone ruins spread out over a large area in modern-day Zimbabwe, which itself is named after the ruins. Mohenjo-daro, Pakistan The civilization that flourished in the Indus Valley and built Mohenjo-Daro around BC was a rival of its better-known Greek and Egyptian equivalents — though little is known about its people, who were early masters of town planning and civil engineering. The end of the Angkorian period is generally set as , the year Angkor was sacked and looted by Ayutthaya invaders, though the civilization already had been in decline. The community grew to urban proportions between the 7th and 9th centuries, becoming an important regional power in the southern Andes. Unexploded mines still lie buried here—the result of Khmer Rouge efforts to protect their mountain redoubt from assault.
Mysteries of the Kingdom of Shambhala
It declined briefly after the 18th Dynasty with the rise of Thebes and was revived under the Persian satraps before falling firmly into second place following the foundation of Alexandria. It has long been a vital caravan city for travellers crossing the Syrian desert and was known as the Bride of the Desert. Its wealth derived from the control of spice trade and the cotton industry. The ancient Mayan city of Palenque, with its superb jungle setting and exquisite architecture and decoration, is one of the marvels of Mexico. The closest rival to Angkor, the Mayan city of Tikal in Guatemala, was roughly 50 square miles in total size. Want to tell your strange story? The whole model of the origins of civilisation will have to be remade from scratch Graham Hancock Author and film-maker Graham Hancock - who has written extensively on the uncovering of ancient civilisations - told BBC News Online that the evidence was compelling:
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Estimates of population size differ widely. Ephesus was an important center for early Christianity. However, archaeologist Justin Morris from the British Museum said more work would need to be undertaken before the site could be categorically said to belong to a 9, year old civilisation. The first cities of the historical period are as far away from these cities as we are today from the pyramids of Egypt," he said.
10 Most Amazing Lost Cities
Description: In an international team of researchers using satellite photographs and other modern techniques concluded that Angkor had been the largest preindustrial city in the world with an urban sprawl of 1, square miles. Prolonged drought seems the most likely explanation for their demise and the remote nature of the island meant few visitors. Its wealth derived from the control of spice trade and the cotton industry. Hindu texts such as Vishnu Purana mention Shambhala as the birth place of Kalki, the final incarnation of Vishnu who will usher in a new Golden Age. The first European to describe them was Johann Ludwig Burckhardt in